The Étude in the 19th century

In this post I will discuss a musical genre, the étude,  that emerged in the early 19th century and became extremely popular for the piano. The French word étude literally means study. In music it refers to the specific musical genre used for pedagogical purposes. On certain occasions, composers named their compositions as exercises rather than... Continue Reading →


The Modern Piano

Continuing from my previous post, The Pianoforte until the end of the 18th century, the piano continued evolving.   I have previously discussed the attempts of creating upright keyboards such as the clavicytherium and the pyramid piano. In 1798, William Southwell experimented with the square piano in order to create an upright square. Similar to the pyramid piano, was... Continue Reading →

The Harpsichord family

In the previous post I have discussed the Clavichord. Both the harpsichord and the clavichord coexisted at the same time. Despite that, not only they look different but they also have different mechanisms. The harpsichord existed in quite a few different forms. The whole harpsichord family seems to derive from the psaltery, since like the... Continue Reading →

The Clavichord

In my post The string instrument: how it all started I have discussed Pythagoras' monochord not only because it was the beginning of the string instrument but also because the clavichord has evolved from the monochord; they share the same mechanism ideology. The clavichord was made around 1400 and was popular until 1800.  At the beginning, the clavichord was... Continue Reading →

The Organ and its evolution

I have started this blog by discussing the beginning of the string instruments. The string instrument: how it all started A hammered string instrument: the dulcimer A plucked string instrument: the epigonion The first string keyboard: the chekker The first pipe keyboard instrument was  the hydraulis.  It was an ancient Greek water organ, invented in the 3rd... Continue Reading →

The string instrument: how it all started

As I mentioned in my first post, I am starting this blog by discussing the evolvement of the piano. Whilst researching, I could not find a reliable accessible online source that included all the information that I was looking for. Therefore, I am aiming to provide in the following posts the origin and the evolvement... Continue Reading →

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